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Disability Classifications

What is disability classification?

Classification is the process by which athletes are placed in the most appropriate group for competing following an assessment of their impairment. The British Paralympic Association have produced a short video which explains this further.

Physical Disability Classifications – a quick guide:

Group  Classification Name  Typical Examples of Impairment Types*
 Wheelchair WH1 

 Spinal injury causing impairment to upper

  • limbs/trunk
  • Scoliosis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  WH2

 Spinal injury causing no impairment to

  • upper limbs/trunk
  • spina bifida
  • Above knee amputation necessitating use of a wheelchair
 Standing SL3
  • Single above knee amputation
  • Double below knee amputation
  • Cerebral palsy
  SL4
  • Single below knee amputation
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Leg length difference (of minimum 7cm)
  SU5
  • Upper limb amputation
  • Upper limb deficiency - e.g. brachial plexus injury
 Dwarf SS6
  •  Short stature condition
 Learning Disability LD
  • IQ of 75 or lower, who have been identified as having a learning disability by a relevent agency or professional.

 

*These are given as an example – final classification will be based on a full classification process at an event and may differ to the suggestion in this guide.